Comparison of human and murine enteroendocrine cells by transcriptomic and peptidomic profiling


Enteroendocrine cells (EECs) produce hormones that regulate food absorption, insulin secretion and appetite. Both EECs and their peptide products are foci of drug discovery programmes for diabetes and obesity. We compared the human and mouse EEC transcriptome and peptidome to validate mouse as a model of the human enteroendocrine axis. We present the first RNA sequencing analysis of human EECs, and demonstrate strong correlation with mouse, although with outliers including some low abundance G-protein coupled receptors. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) identified peptide hormone gradients along the human and mouse gut that should enhance progress in gut physiology and therapeutics.