Early Diastolic Longitudinal Strain Rate at MRI and Outcomes in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction.


Background Assessment of subclinical myocardial dysfunction by using feature tracking has shown promise in prognosis evaluation of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Global early diastolic longitudinal strain rate (eGLSR) can identify earlier diastolic dysfunction; however, limited data are available on its prognostic value in HFpEF. Purpose To evaluate the association between left ventricular (LV) eGLSR and primary composite outcomes (all-cause death or heart failure hospitalization) in patients with HFpEF. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, consecutive patients with HFpEF (included from January 2010 to March 2013) underwent cardiovascular MRI. The correlation between eGLSR and variables was assessed by using linear regression. The association between eGLSR (obtained with use of feature tracking) and outcomes was analyzed by using Cox proportional regression. Results A total of 186 patients with HFpEF (mean age ± standard deviation, 59 years ± 12; 77 women) were included. The eGLSR was weakly correlated with LV end-diastole volume index (Pearson correlation coefficient [r] = -0.35; P < .001), heart rate (r = 0.35; P < .001), and LV ejection fraction (r = 0.30; P < .001) and moderately correlated with LV end-systole volume index (r = -0.41; P < .001). At a median follow-up of 9.2 years (interquartile range, 8.7-10.0 years), 72 patients experienced primary composite outcomes. Impaired eGLSR, defined as an eGLSR of less than 0.57 per second, was associated with a greater rate of heart failure hospitalization or all-cause death (hazard ratio, 2.0 [95% CI: 1.1, 3.7]; P = .02) after adjusting for multiple clinical and imaging-based variables. Conclusion Left ventricular global early diastolic longitudinal strain rate obtained from cardiovascular MRI feature tracking was independently associated with adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. An earlier incorrect version appeared online. This article was corrected on October 22, 2021.