Impact of stroke on outcomes following cardiac surgery: Propensity matched analysis.


BACKGROUND: Stroke remains a devastating complication of cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to characterize the incidence of stroke and analyze the impact of stroke on patient outcomes and survival. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with a computed tomography-confirmed stroke diagnosis between 1 January 2015 and 31 March 2019 at a single center. 2:1 propensity matching was performed to identify a control population. RESULTS: Over the period 165 patients suffered a stroke (1.99%), with an incidence ranging from 0.85% for coronary artery bypass grafting to 8.14% for aortic surgery. The mean age was 70.3 years and 58.8% were male. 18% had experienced a previous stroke or transient ischemic attack. Compared to the comparison group, patients experiencing postoperative stroke had a significantly prolonged period of intensive care unit admission (8.0 vs 1.1 days P