Influence of overlapping pattern of multiple overlapping uncovered stents on the local mechanical environment: A patient-specific parameter study.
BACKGROUND: Multiple overlapping uncovered stents (MOUS) system has shown potentials in managing complex aortic aneurysms with side branches involvement. It promotes the development of thrombus by modulating local flow pattern that reduces the wall tension, while maintaining patency of side branches. However the modulation of local hemodynamic parameters depends on various factors that have not been assessed comprehensively. METHODS: Aneurysm 3D geometry was reconstructed based on CT images. One-way fluid-structure interaction analysis was performed to quantify structural stress concentration in the wall, and changes of blood velocity, wall shear stress (WSS), oscillatory shear index (OSI), relative residence time (RRT) and pressure in the sac due to the stent deployment. RESULTS: High structural stress concentration due to stent deployment was found in the landing zone and it increased linearly with the number of stents deployed. The wall tension in the sac was unaffected by the stent deployment. Stress within the wall was insensitive to the different overlapping pattern. After one stent was deployed, the mean flow velocity in the sac reduced by 36.4%. The deployment of the 2nd stent further reduced the mean sac velocity by 10%. WSS decreased while both OSI and RRT increased after stent deployment, however pressure in the sac remained nearly unchanged. Except for the cases with complete stents struts alignment, different overlapping pattern had little effect on flow parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical parameters modulated by the MOUS are insensitive to different overlapping pattern suggesting that endovascular procedure can be performed with less attention to the overlapping pattern.