Neural correlates of eye-gaze detection in young children with autism.


Various reports have demonstrated difficulties in eye-gaze processing in older children and adults with autism. However, little is known about the neural or developmental origin of such difficulties. In the present study, we used high-density Event-Related Potentials (HD-ERPs) to record the neural correlates of gaze processing in young children with autism, and their age-matched controls. In addition, to determine normal gaze processing development we also tested a non-autism adult group. The data obtained from the children with autism resembled that previously observed in typical 4-month old infants. In contrast, the control group showed the same pattern as typical adults. These findings suggest that the neural correlates of gaze direction processing may be delayed in young children with autism.