Neuroinflammation and Tau Colocalize in vivo in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between tau pathology and neuroinflammation using [11 C]PK11195 and [18 F]AV-1451 PET in 17 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) Richardson's syndrome. We tested the hypothesis that neuroinflammation and tau protein aggregation colocalize macroscopically, and correlate with clinical severity. METHODS: Nondisplaceable binding potential (BPND ) for each ligand was quantified in 83 regions of interest (ROIs). The [11 C]PK11195 and [18 F]AV-1451 BPND values were correlated across all regions. The spatial distributions of [11 C]PK11195 and [18 F]AV-1451 binding were determined by principal component analyses (PCAs), and the loading of each spatial component compared against the patients' clinical severity (using the PSP rating scale). RESULTS: Regional [11 C]PK11195 and [18 F]AV-1451 binding were positively correlated (R = 0.577, p