Physiological vulnerability of distortion product otoacoustic emissions from the amphibian ear.


The physiological vulnerability of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) was investigated in the leopard frog, Rana pipiens pipiens. For each frog, DPOAEs were recorded from the amphibian and the basilar papillae. Measurements were taken before and after either the arrest of oxygen supply due to cardioectomy, or the destruction of the central nervous system (CNS). DPOAEs in response to high-level stimuli (> 75 dB SPL) were rather robust to these insults during the first two hours post surgery. In contrast, DPOAE amplitudes in response to low-level stimuli (< 75 dB SPL) decreased significantly. On average, low-level emissions from the amphibian papilla disappeared within 6 min for cardioectomy, and after 13 min for CNS destruction. In the basilar papilla, low-level DPOAEs disappeared more slowly: on average after 34 min following cardioectomy, and after 58 min for CNS destruction. The difference in physiological vulnerability between low- and high-level emissions is similar to that in mammals and a lizard. The difference between the DPOAE decay rate of the frog's amphibian and basilar papillae suggests important differences between the hearing mechanisms of the papillae.