Targeting drug memory reconsolidation: a neural analysis.


Addiction can be conceptualised as a disorder of maladaptive learning and memory. Therefore, maladaptive drug memories supporting drug-seeking and relapse behaviours may present novel treatment targets for therapeutic approaches based upon reconsolidation-blockade. It is known that different structures within the limbic corticostriatal system contribute differentially to different types of maladaptive drug memories, including pavlovian associations between environmental cues and contexts with the drug high, and instrumental memories underlying drug-seeking. Here, we review the mechanisms underlying drug memory reconsolidation in the amygdala, striatum, and hippocampus, noting similarities and differences, and opportunities for future research.