Equipment & Techniques
Developing and using methods of evaluating animal welfare. Behaviour development, social behaviour, abnormal behaviour. Assessing cognitive ability in domestic animals including cattle, pigs, sheep and dogs. Sentience, awareness, emotions, feelings, needs, stress, coping, empathy. Sustainable livestock production, scoring all components of sustainability, silvopastoral systems. Ethics in relation to animal usage. Morality. Biological basis of religion.
Pigs learn what is seen in a mirror
Pig investigating mirror moves and watches movement image